Gestational diabetes is diabetes mellitus that occurred in a woman during pregnancy. Also, a survey can reveal that a pregnant woman does not have “full-fledged” diabetes, but an impaired glucose tolerance, i.e., prediabetes. As a rule, in pregnant women the level of sugar in the blood rises after eating, and on an empty stomach it remains normal.
A threatening sign of the approach of diabetes is an increase in blood sugar above the established norms after eating. In this case, the doctor can make a diagnosis of prediabetes. In this condition, patients can control their condition without medication. But they should know what symptoms of prediabetes are known and what treatment is prescribed.
Insulin resistance is an impaired biological response of body tissues to the action of insulin. And it does not matter where the insulin comes from, from the own pancreas (endogenous) or from injections (exogenous). Insulin resistance not only increases the likelihood of type 2 diabetes, but also atherosclerosis, a heart attack, and sudden death due to a blockage of the vessel with a blood clot.
In the conditions of the modern world, a person is subject to a huge number of diseases and pathologies, the brunt of which is borne by the endocrine system of the body. One of the most common hormonal disorders is diabetes mellitus, a precursor of which is a condition called prediabetes.
Metabolic syndrome is a complex metabolic disorder that indicates that a person has an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes. The reason for it is the poor susceptibility of tissues to the action of insulin. The treatment of metabolic syndrome is a low-carbohydrate diet and exercise therapy.