Gestational diabetes is diabetes mellitus that occurred in a woman during pregnancy. Also, a survey can reveal that a pregnant woman does not have “full-fledged” diabetes, but an impaired glucose tolerance, i.e., prediabetes. As a rule, in pregnant women the level of sugar in the blood rises after eating, and on an empty stomach it remains normal.
German scientists conducted a study on the storage of insulin. It turned out that people using this vital hormone can themselves reduce its effectiveness if they do not monitor the temperature at which they store it. Recall that insulin is a vital substance that provides cells access to glucose and use it as a source of our energy.
Insulin is a pancreatic hormone produced by the islets of Langerhans. If the body is diagnosed with a deficiency of these substances, diabetes mellitus of the first type develops. Some people’s cells are immune to this hormone, which causes type 2 diabetes. If you do not start the time of drug therapy, a person can face serious complications, or even death.
There is no other organ in the human body like the pancreas. Violation of its functions can lead to the development of diabetes. As part of the endocrine system, iron has unique abilities. It can affect many vital processes. They are regulated by insulin hormone.
The introduction of insulin as a substitution therapy in diabetes mellitus is currently the only method for controlling hyperglycemia in type 1 disease, as well as in insulin-dependent type 2 diabetes. Insulin therapy is carried out in such a way as to bring the hormone in the blood to the physiological one as close as possible.
In the diagnosis of diabetes, patients need daily insulin. To do this, use a variety of devices, including insulin syringes and modern, more comfortable syringe pens. Needles for syringe pens are selected individually, focusing on age, sensitivity level and other features of the patient.
The role of insulin in the body can not be overestimated. Any degree of lack of insulin is fraught with the most serious endocrine disease - diabetes. Even 40 years ago, diabetics lived no more than 10-15 years. Modern medicine to normalize the level of glucose in the blood uses the most suitable for this soluble human genetic engineering insulin.
Including insulin is involved in carbohydrate metabolism and helps to sugar come from the blood vessels in the tissues of various important organs. The increased amount of insulin should be alarming, but many do not pay attention to it due to the fact that there are no visible health problems. Meanwhile, at first glance, a harmless high insulin rate can cause serious and negative consequences.
The need for insulin analogue arises in diabetes of the first or second type, when physical activity and proper nutrition cannot normalize glucose levels. Before you use Insulin Detemir, you need to figure out how to properly inject the hormone, in which cases it cannot be used, and what side effects it can cause.
Insulin therapy in diabetes mellitus is the main way to compensate for high blood sugar. The lack of insulin leads to the fact that diabetic patients suffer from diseases of the cardiovascular and nervous system, impaired renal function, vision, as well as acute conditions in the form of diabetic coma, ketoacidosis.
Mixted 30 NM is a double acting insulin. The drug is obtained by recombinant DNA biotechnology using a strain of Saccharomycescerevisiae. It interacts with cell membrane receptors, due to which an insulin-retseretn complex appears. The drug affects the processes occurring inside the cells through the activation of biosynthesis in the cells of the liver and fat.
Insulin is prescribed for diabetes mellitus as a means of reducing elevated blood sugar levels. Hyperglycemia is the main symptom of diabetes and the main cause of severe and fatal complications. In case of diabetes mellitus type 1, insulin is the only way to reduce sugar, and in type 2 disease, its purpose is also required in some situations (pregnancy, surgery, decompensation of diabetes).
Diabetes mellitus type 1 always requires insulin therapy, and type 2 sometimes requires the use of insulin. Therefore, there is a need for additional administration of the hormone. Before using the drug, it is necessary to study its pharmacological action, contraindications, possible harm, price, reviews and analogues, consult a doctor and determine the dose.
Insulin shock is a state of hypoglycemia, in which the level of glucose in the blood decreases and an increase in the hormone insulin produced by the pancreas occurs. This pathology develops only with a disease such as diabetes. If the body is healthy, then glucose and insulin are in balance, however, diabetes mellitus causes a disturbance of metabolic processes in the body.
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Overweight is a global world problem that has touched Russia today. We all know how badly any stage of obesity affects health: it affects the work of the heart and blood vessels, destroys the joints and leads to the development of diabetes. This important topic is devoted to a new book by an endocrinologist with Olga Demicheva’s 30-year-long experience, Hormones, Genes, Appetite.
The human body is a rather complex structure of closely interacting systems, where each body ensures the implementation of certain functions. It is important to understand that their activity is decisive in the formation of optimal life activity. Perhaps almost everyone at least once, but wondered what organ produces insulin in the human body.
Insulin preparations are used for substitution treatment in patients with diabetes. They are divided by duration of action on short and extended. Time of action for different people individually. Therefore, the selection of insulin therapy is usually carried out in the hospital. To this end, control blood glucose levels during the day.
The drug belongs to the insulin of average duration. In fact, it is human insulin, which was obtained through recombinant DNA technology. Pharmacological action Insulin isophane has a hypoglycemic effect. It interacts with special receptors of the external cytoplasmic cell membrane and forms an insulin receptor system that stimulates intracellular processes, including core synthesis of key enzymes (pyruvate kinase, hexokinase, glycogen synthase).
Insulin aspart is an ultrashort-acting insulin, which is obtained using the methods of biotechnology and genetic engineering. It is produced by genetically modified species of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, which are cultivated for this purpose in the pharmaceutical industry. The drug effectively reduces the level of sugar in the blood of patients with type 1 diabetes, while not causing allergic reactions and does not depress the immune system.
Short-acting insulin is a specific hormone that is necessary for the regulation of blood glucose levels. He for a short period activates the work of individual sections of the pancreas, has a high solubility. Usually, short-acting insulin is prescribed to people in whom this endocrine organ can still independently produce a hormone.
Diabetes mellitus refers to diseases with social significance. This is due to its widespread prevalence and a steady increase in incidence. Complications of diabetes mellitus lead to disability, an increased risk of premature mortality of patients. Therefore, provision is made for the allocation of funds from the state budget to compensate for the costs of drugs used to treat diabetes.