The importance of the normal functioning of the pancreas for the activity of the body should be known to everyone. It is this gland that produces such hormones as glucagon, insulin and lipocaine.
These hormones take an active part in the metabolic processes of the body. Also, the pancreas produces a number of enzymes that help digest and assimilate food.
Its work depends on the size and condition of the gland. Any change in the structure or if it is increased in size may indicate the presence of the disease. This can be both pancreatitis and gland necrosis.
Timely treatment in these cases is extremely important, since diseases of the pancreas develop very quickly and without treatment lead to the death of the patient.
Sometimes doctors can miss the initial stage of the disease, because in most cases it is not accompanied by any symptoms. Therefore, if the patient feels pain in the upper abdomen, the doctor prescribes an ultrasound examination of the pancreas.
Description of the pancreas
In the normal state, the pancreas has the following dimensions depending on the person's age: the head is 18-26 centimeters, the tail is 16-20 centimeters. The organ is located in the upper abdomen, behind the stomach near the gallbladder.
Since the pancreas is located behind other organs, it is impossible to detect a change in its structure and quickly determine that it is enlarged by palpation. In such cases, an ultrasound or MRI of the organ is required.
With these types of diagnostics, a specialist is able to determine the size of the pancreas, the presence of tumors, such as cysts and the presence of foci of inflammation that can affect both grip and located in the head.
To make a diagnosis, it is also necessary to visit a gastroenterologist, who is guided by the images and the results of other tests to determine the type of the disease.
The most likely cause of pain in the pancreas is the development of pancreatitis. In patients with pancreatitis, an ultrasound shows a change in the size of the organ, the tail and the head of the pancreas can be enlarged.
Moreover, the total increase in the gland is not so dangerous for human life as its local increase, that is, if it is the tail or the head that is enlarged.
Pancreatitis is difficult to detect in the period of acute illness. With severe pain, the size of the pancreas is normal, and it is not increased. Before making a diagnosis of an organ, it is necessary to wait at least 6-7 hours after an attack, and only then determine what state the tail is, and the organ itself, whether it is enlarged or not
In the diagnosis, the physician must not miss even a minor change if the pancreas is enlarged. This may indicate both pancreatitis and the development of oncology.
With the development of cancer, there is a local increase in the tail or head of the organ. For pancreatitis is characterized by an increase in the whole body, as well as a violation of its homogeneity and boundaries.
Causes of disease
Experts identify several major causes of diseases of the pancreas. Among them, a hereditary factor, a violation of the structure of the tissues of an organ, and also untimely identified or under-treated diseases are distinguished. These causes can, both in combination and separately, cause diseases of the organ.
The main symptom of pancreatitis is a local increase in the pancreas, for example, the tail. The reasons here may be as follows:
- the presence of stone, which is located in the additional duct;
- organ adenoma with cysts located on it;
- pancreatic pseudocyst;
- purulent abscesses in the pancreatic tail;
- malignant neoplasms on the organ;
- duodenitis duodenal ulcer;
- neoplasms on the small duodenal papilla.
Signs of the inflammatory process of the pancreas
Each person has a pancreatic disease occurring individually, depending on the severity of the disease and individual tolerance, as well as the localization of inflammation, it can be the body, head, tail.
The main sign of inflammation of the pancreas is a strong pain, which are both cutting and pulling nature. These pains can be of a long-term nature and they are not associated with meals. Depending on the severity of the disease, the pains in the pancreatic region are intensifying.
Pain arises in the region of the heart, as well as the shoulder blades. Very often, the pain can be so severe that a person will have a painful shock. In medical practice, there are known cases of death, the cause of which was severe pain.
The secondary signs of pancreatic disease are nausea, vomiting, and unstable stool. It is also characteristic that the tail of the pancreas increases, which is determined by ultrasound diagnosis.
Signs of this may be changes in skin color. It becomes yellowish, and the skin of the fingers becomes a pale blue hue.
Methods for the treatment of inflammatory processes of the pancreas
Before proceeding with the treatment and removal of inflammation of the organ, it is necessary to consult several specialists to rule out the presence of associated diseases.
Before visiting the doctor, the patient should exclude from the diet fatty, fried and smoked food and not drink alcohol. Also you can not warm the pancreas.
Most often, treatment of the pancreas will consist of complex measures: switching to diet, physiotherapy and in cases of moderate illness, taking medications.
The option of surgery is considered for each individual patient, depending on the severity of the disease, surgery on the pancreas is performed only as a last resort.
Inflammation of the pancreas in children
According to medical statistics, the number of children suffering from diseases of the pancreas is increasing every year.
The reason for this may be:
- poor nutrition,
- genetic predisposition
- or poisoning of the body.
The children's body reacts more acutely to various irritants.
Identifying the disease in children at an early stage can be problematic. This may entail an incorrect diagnosis and prescription of an ineffective treatment.
The main diseases of the pancreas in children are reactive and chronic pancreatitis, less common acute pancreatitis.
Help with diseases of the pancreas
In case of pain in the area of the organ, it is recommended to completely give up food for a day and take abundant alkaline drink. It may be mineral water without gas. Ice or a heating pad with cold water should be applied to the navel. This will help reduce pain.
If the pain does not become less, then you can take 1-2 tablets no-shpy. It relieves cramps and helps reduce pain. It is not recommended to take other medicines and pills for pancreatitis without a prescription.
Even after the pain has decreased, it is necessary to consult a doctor, if the pain is severe, then call an ambulance. In no case do not need to take any medication without a doctor's prescription.
Doctors are reminded that the pain does not arise by themselves, they always have a reason. This may be the first symptom of a serious illness, sometimes even cancer. Late diagnosis and treatment of the disease can lead to complete removal of the organ.