Tachycardia and high blood pressure are common diseases. Often these pathologies are diagnosed separately, but sometimes they are combined with each other.
With the joint course of hypertension and tachycardia, the unpleasant symptoms of the disease increase, significantly worsening the state of health. In the absence of timely and proper treatment, the disease progresses rapidly, which can lead to a number of dangerous complications, including disability and death.
Therefore, every hypertensive person with heart and blood sugar problems should know how to treat these conditions on his own. To eliminate unpleasant symptoms and improve overall health, use medical therapy and popular recipes. But before applying such tools, it is necessary to understand how all these diseases are combined with each other.
What is the relationship between hypertension and tachycardia
In the human body there is no system that simultaneously regulates the pressure and the number of contractions of the heart muscle. The pulse rate is controlled by 3 reflexogenic zones, during stimulation of which tachycardia develops.
For pulse pressure meets the cardiovascular center, located in the medulla oblongata. It also affects the systological volume of the heart, but it is not interrelated with the reflexogenic area.
Heart palpitations, like bradycardia or arrhythmia, in hypertension occurs because the heart has to pump an increased amount of blood. This leads to an overload of the organ, which may contribute to the appearance of left ventricular hypertrophy.
Sometimes tachycardia occurs with hypertensive crisis. This increases the risk of ventricular fibrillation and heart failure.
There is another reason due to which heart rate increases with hypertension. With an increase in blood pressure along with an increase in the frequency of the pulse, other regulatory mechanisms are activated in the body. During stress and intense physical exertion, the concentration of adrenaline suddenly increases, leading to hypertension.
With moderate exercise, 15 minutes after a workout, the level of blood pressure is normalized. But if, during physical activity, the pulse speeds up to 180 beats in 60 seconds, the patient’s state of health worsens, and the pressure indicators rise and may not fall for a long period of time.
Also, pulse and vascular pressure increases under severe stress, which leads to an increase in muscle tone. Therefore, the psychological factor is the leading cause of hypertension.
The combination of essential hypertension and tachycardia may indicate the development of pheochromocytoma. This is a cancer formation that releases adrenaline.
In order to prevent the occurrence of such dangerous effects, it is important to know which drugs to use when increasing heart rate and blood pressure indicators.
Drugs with high pressure and heart palpitations
With diabetes, malfunction occurs throughout the body. An unpleasant consequence of a violation in carbohydrate metabolism can be the IRR, tachycardia and hypertension. Therefore, when prescribing medicines, the doctor takes into account the general health of the patient and the characteristics of his body.
Modern pharmacology offers a lot of drugs that normalize blood pressure and heart rate. So, treat stress-induced tachycardia with sedatives.
Sedative preparations are divided into natural (spirit tinctures, Persen) and synthetic. The latter include:
If tachycardia is caused by excessive production of hormones secreted by the thyroid, the doctor prescribes thyreostatic drugs. To lower the level of triiodothyronine thyroxine, you need to take such tablets as Microiod, Potassium Perchlorate, or Mercazole.
Cardiac glycosides are another type of medication used to normalize heart rate and blood pressure levels. Popular drugs in this group are Digoxin and Strofantin. They reduce the oxygen demand of the heart and prevent the stretching of the walls of the myocardium.
The best cure for tachycardia with increased pressure belongs to the group of beta-blockers. Any remedy in this category regulates adrenaline production.
Beta-blockers are divided into selective and non-selective. Betaxol, Metoprolol and Atenolol belong to the first group, Timolol, Anaprilin and Sotalol belong to the second group.
However, these drugs are taken only if the patient’s pulse is above 120 beats, as they have a number of contraindications and undesirable effects. Treatment with adrenaline blockers is prohibited for pregnant women and children, they are not prescribed for asthma and diseases accompanied by insufficient peripheral circulation.
In case of supraventricular tachycardia and hypertension, calcium channel blockers can be used. These funds do not allow calcium to be released into the cells from internal stores.
The best medicine for cardiovascular disorders is Diltiazem, administered intravenously. But it is worth remembering that the drug causes a number of adverse reactions - hypotension, swelling and headache.
Also for the treatment of tachycardia and hypertension in diabetes, sodium channel blockers are used. Popular drugs from this drug group are Novocainamide and Quinidine.
ACE inhibitors are prescribed for arterial hypertension and palpitations that occur in diabetics. Such drugs prevent the occurrence of heart failure and diabetic nephropathy.
But these funds should be used very carefully, as they contribute to the accumulation of potassium in the body, can disrupt the heart and muscular system.
Commonly used ACE inhibitors:
- Aseon and others.
When disorders in carbohydrate metabolism, hypertension and heartbeat failures are assigned diuretics. Medications have a diuretic effect and relieve swelling.
These drugs include amiloride, indapamide retard, triamteren and hydrochlorothiazide.
In addition to medication, to normalize the level of blood pressure and heart rate will help drugs from natural ingredients. Their advantage is that they have a mild effect, practically do not cause adverse reactions and have a minimum of contraindications.
One of the best means of stabilizing pressure and pulse, is an extract obtained from valerian. To achieve the therapeutic effect of alcoholic tincture you need to drink in the course, as it has a cumulative effect.
To cope with hypertension will help teas and infusions of leaves, valerian roots. Also, the antihypertensive and sedative effect have a bath with the addition of a decoction of the plant.
To improve the immune system and improve the cardiovascular system will help motherwort, which has analgesic and sedative effects. On the basis of the plant they prepare the following medicinal decoction:
- Dry leaves of motherwort (4 spoons) pour hot water (200 ml).
- Means put in a water bath.
- After boiling, the container with the medicine is removed from the stove, covered and insisted for 3 hours.
- Infusion is better to drink after a meal, at a time you can eat no more than two spoons of broth.
To get rid of hypertension and stabilize the work of the heart, you can use hawthorn. By the way, hawthorn is very useful in type 2 diabetes, which is accompanied by hypertension.
Broths and tinctures are prepared from any parts of the plant.
One of the best hawthorn recipes involves the use of grass fruits and flowers. Raw materials are crushed, placed in an enameled container and poured boiling water. Means insist 4 hours and take 5 times a day after meals.
When the blood pressure has decreased, and the pulse is still too high, folk remedies for tachycardias that do not lower the pressure will help. These include:
- dogrose infusion;
- decoction based on motherwort;
- herbal tea, including calendula, melissa, hops, dill, valerian.
Of course, folk and medications help cope with high blood pressure and tachycardia. But so that such diseases do not reappear, the diabetic needs to lead a healthy lifestyle, including proper nutrition, avoidance of stress, exercise, and giving up addiction.
What drugs will help get rid of tachycardia described in the video in this article.