The prevalence of diabetes and the steady increase in the number of detected new cases of the disease among adults and children leads to the constant development of new methods of treatment and diagnosis of this complex pathology.
Treatment of diabetes mellitus at the present level of development of medicine consists in correcting hyperglycemia by administering insulin preparations or taking sugar-lowering tablets.
With constant monitoring of blood glucose, diet and maintaining the recommended level of physical activity, a diabetic can live a full life - work, travel, play sports.
Problems arise in these patients with sudden fluctuations in blood sugar, which sometimes occurs for unforeseen reasons. The patient with diabetes loses consciousness and falls into a coma. An identification mark can save his life that will help others understand the cause and provide first aid - this is a diabetic bracelet.
Why does a diabetic need a bracelet?
Many people with diabetes prefer to hide their disease, especially from their colleagues and managers, believing that this may create obstacles to their career growth. Meanwhile, the condition of patients does not always depend on themselves, there may be situations for a diabetic when a person loses control over what is happening and needs help from others.
Such complications of treating a disease can be the development of a hypoglycemic coma, which, unlike diabetic coma, in which the symptoms of decompensation develop gradually, arises suddenly, and the symptoms progress rapidly. In order to prevent the death of brain cells with a low sugar level, you need to take any simple carbohydrates.
Diabetics usually have candy, glucose tablets, sweet juice, or sugar cubes for this purpose all the time. People around him may not know that this can save the patient's life. To this end, it is recommended, in the absence of close people nearby, to wear special cards or bracelets. There should be a brief instruction on first aid.
On such a bracelet are made according to individual orders, or they can be made independently, in the likeness of a watch on a hand, where there is an inscription on the main part, and the strap will be interchangeable. The material for such an accessory can be silicone, any metal chosen by the patient, including silver or gold, which can be inscribed.
Data recommended to indicate:
- The basic inscription - "I have diabetes."
- Surname, name and patronymic.
- Contact relatives.
Optionally, you can specify other important information. There are ready-made bracelets, which are marked with a special emblem - six-pointed "star of life".
It means calling for help and the need for urgent delivery to the hospital.
New developments for diabetics
The development of electronic devices for diabetics leads to the fact that the usual gadgets in the form of mobile phones that use applications for keeping a diabetic diary or reminders about the introduction of insulin, give way to new ones.
When using the Gluco m conceptual bracelet glucometer for diabetics, you can calculate the dose of insulin needed, focusing on the current level of sugar in the blood. It is a device for the introduction of the hormone and an apparatus for measuring glycemia. Such data he receives independently directly from the patient's skin.
In addition, the device keeps a history of measurements, which is convenient to view past data for several days. After determining the level of sugar, the bracelet determines the insulin dose, turns into a syringe with a microneedle, injects the required amount of the drug from the reservoir, and then it all goes inside the bracelet automatically.
Advantages of the bracelet-glucometer:
- No need to have an instrument for measuring sugar, consumables.
- No need to calculate the dose of insulin.
- There is no need for injections in the eyes of others.
- Storage of information on past measurements and insulin doses.
- Convenient for people who need assistance for injections: children, the elderly, the disabled.
The bracelet belongs today to innovative developments and passes a stage of clinical approbation by the American scientists.
While the date of its appearance in the domestic pharmaceutical market is unknown, but patients experiencing the need for constant insulin therapy, expect this device to facilitate the treatment.
Travel recommendations for diabetics
Problems with the control of diabetes mellitus often occur if the patient is forced to be outside the usual environment, as he needs to have with him all the necessary means of controlling the disease and the supply of medicines to conduct continuous replacement therapy with insulin or pills.
Regardless of the duration of the trip, it is recommended before departure to make sure that the blood glucose meter is healthy, there is a replaceable set of test strips, a disinfectant solution, a lancet and cotton pads.
Insulin should be sufficient for the entire trip, it is placed in a special container with a refrigerant, the expiration date of the drug should not be expiring. When using a pen syringe or an insulin pump, you should take regular insulin syringes in case of a malfunction.
Since the dose of the drug depends on the sugar content in the blood, to neglect the measurements is to put at risk the development of acute complications of diabetes mellitus, which are often encountered when changing places of residence to road conditions. In this situation, a special diabetic bracelet may also be useful.
A list of what you need to have with you on the road:
- Blood glucose meter and supplies.
- Medicines in pills or capsules with insulin (with a reserve) and syringes to it.
- Medical record with a history of the disease.
- Phone number of the attending doctor and relatives.
- Food stock for snacks: galette cookies or crackers, dried fruits.
- Simple carbohydrates to relieve hypoglycemia: sugar, glucose tablets, honey, candy, fruit juice.
It is also necessary to take into account the fact that when a comatose state caused by hypoglycemia develops, the symptoms may resemble the behavior of a drunk person; first aid regulations.
If the flight is scheduled, it is recommended that you have a medical card that confirms the need for airport staff to have the necessary medicines, ampoules and syringes to inject insulin on board the aircraft. It is better, in order to avoid troubles, to warn about diabetes in advance.
Moving is accompanied by an increase in physical activity, stress factors, a transition to a different style of nutrition, and long-distance travel is associated with a change in temperature. All of these conditions can adversely affect blood glucose levels. Therefore, it is necessary to increase the frequency of glycemic measurements, since insulin therapy may need to be adjusted.
Wearing a bracelet outside the home for diabetics may be especially necessary, as this will help increase the chances of timely first aid and support from outsiders. Also, if necessary, they will know that the person needs specialized treatment and will help to contact the hospital.
The video in this article provides an overview of a variety of gadgets for diabetics.