Diabetes mellitus is a dangerous disease in which the patient's blood sugar is constantly elevated. There are two types of disease.
In type 1 diabetes, the patient is constantly dependent on insulin, and this form is often congenital. In the second form of the disease, insulin therapy is practically not used.
Such a pathology often develops throughout life, especially if a person leads a still life, eats improperly, is constantly exposed to stress and has a bad habit.
Many diabetics often have such a problem as high morning sugar. The causes of this phenomenon can be many, and methods for their elimination depend on what.
Why does hyperglycemia appear in the morning?
One of the most common factors that increase glucose indices is an insufficient dose of glucose-lowering tablets or insulin.
Hormones also contribute to elevated glucose levels. At night, the production of certain hormones in the pituitary and adrenal glands increases, which is why hyperglycemia occurs.
But due to a failure in insulin secretion in diabetics, the hormone production process becomes uncontrollable. This is due to hormonal changes, which leads to an excessive sugar content in the morning.
Often the "dawn phenomenon" is noted in insulin-dependent type of diabetes, especially in adolescence. Also, the probability of its occurrence increases with insomnia and constant stress.
If at night the glucose level is too low, then there will be a release of contra-insular hormones, the effect of which is opposite to the effect of insulin. So, due to nocturnal hypoglycemia, morning hyperglycemia develops.
Symptoms such as:
- restless sleep;
- morning headache;
- increased sweating at night.
The next common cause is improper nutrition. So, if you eat protein and fat food for dinner, then most likely hyperglycemia will develop in the morning.
In addition, errors in the administration of insulin injections lead to an increase in glucose. For example, this happens when the needle was inserted very deeply or long-acting insulin was used.
The following reasons - a rare replacement of the needle, the introduction of injections in the same place.
Diet therapy for hyperglycemia
Using proper nutrition can significantly improve the general condition of the patient and stabilize the sugar level. And at the initial stage of insulin-dependent diabetes, a diet can even help to completely get rid of this problem.
Every diabetic should know about foods that are forbidden to use, because they cause hyperglycemia. This is a fatty fish, any sausages, fruit juices, confectionery, offal, jam and sugar. Still it is necessary to refuse lemonades, fish and meat pastes, fat cottage cheese and cheese, sweet pastry, vegetable and butter.
In limited quantities are allowed to use:
- fruits and berries (sweet);
- bakery products;
- fructose sweets;
- oatmeal, buckwheat, millet;
To reduce the sugar content without limitation, one should eat green tea, greens (dill, young nettle, parsley), coffee without sugar, vegetables. You should also include in the diet products that remove glucose - this is flax seed, lean fish, walnut.
It is desirable to cook all food in olive oil. It is recommended the use of dishes, where fats, proteins and carbohydrates are combined, which will prevent increased secretion of insulin. Also in the menu should be products that give a weak insulin response, such as vegetables, proteins, legumes.
High carbohydrate foods that provoke a strong insulin response should be consumed in minimal amounts. Carbohydrates should be eaten separately, it is advisable to choose light berries and vegetables with a weak insulin response. This cherry, strawberry, blueberry, apples, apricots and more.
Under the ban is lard, margarine and butter. And the use of starch-containing products (turnips, potatoes, corn, rutabaga, parsnips) should be minimized.
Approximate menu for the day to lower the concentration of glucose in the blood:
- First breakfast - a piece of bread (30 g), a vegetable salad without oil, a cup of green tea, 2 slices of hard low-fat cheese, half a glass of vermicelli or rice.
- The second breakfast - 2 plums, apple, tangerine, 30 grams of bread with a small piece of cheese.
- Lunch - lean soup or soup, vegetable salad, dressed with olive oil, 1 cup boiled cereal, 30 grams of bread or a piece of boiled meat or fish.
- Snack - 100 g low-fat cottage cheese, 200 g yogurt.
- Dinner - vegetable salad without butter, bread (30 g), 2-3 boiled potatoes or 0.5 cups of porridge, one steamed patty or 150 g of meat.
- Second dinner - 30 grams of hard cheese, one fruit.
However, it is still better that the menu is compiled by the attending physician or nutritionist.
Drinks and sugar reducing foods
One of the best folk remedies according to diabetics is sour milk. This is a dietary fermented milk product, obtained from milk, fermented with sour milk from lactic acid bacteria.
In diabetes, yogurt is best made from natural milk, with fat content up to 3.8% with a shelf life of up to five days. For the starter mono add to milk 1 tbsp. l natural sour cream.
Sour milk is cooked throughout the day at room temperature. In addition to the hypoglycemic effect, this fermented milk drink destroys putrefactive bacteria, regenerates nerve cells and slows down the aging process. In addition, it includes:
- essential acids - methylalanine, valine, tryptophan, arginine, methionine, leucine, lysine, isoleucine, histidine.
- monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids;
- alimentary fiber;
- vitamins (K, A, B, E, C);
- micro and macronutrients.
In diabetes, yogurt needs to be consumed in a certain way. In 200 ml of drink add 1 tbsp. l buckwheat flour, and all left overnight.
The mixture is eaten in the morning on an empty stomach, and after an hour you can have breakfast. Already after one week of using such a drink, the glucose level normalizes, the vessels become stronger and the stools normalize.
Another useful product for diabetes is buckwheat. After all, it contains a lot of protein, and it is considered a long carbohydrate, which will not cause a sharp jump in glycemia. Moreover, this porridge contains phosphorus, iron, cobalt, calcium, iodine, rutin, zinc, potassium, molybdenum, fluorine, and various vitamins.
Also, buckwheat is useful for obesity, which affects patients with type 2 diabetes, as it contains much less carbohydrates than other cereals. This croup also improves the functioning of the liver and heart, removing excess cholesterol and slags.
In diabetes, buckwheat is crushed using a coffee grinder. The resulting mixture is eaten 1-3 p. per day 2 tbsp. l., drinking all a glass of milk.
The next useful product at elevated sugar levels are apples, which are rich in fructose, iron, amino acids, various trace elements and vitamins. Thanks to fibers and pectins, these fruits lower the concentration of cholesterol in the blood. In addition to hypoglycemic action, regular consumption of apples reduces the risk of heart attack, hypertension, and helps to deal with dizziness and headaches.
Green tea will also be useful in diabetes, as it has a lot of useful components (plant pigments, polyphenols, pectins, alkaloids, amino acids, etc.).
If you use green tea with jasmine, you can significantly reduce the risk of diabetic neuropathy. The drink is brewed with just boiled water, temperature up to 85 degrees, in the ratio of 1 tsp. leaves on 200 ml of liquid.
Folk remedies that normalize glucose
The recipes offered by traditional medicine make it possible to control glycemia quickly, painlessly and without side effects. In diabetes, oats are often used. 200 g of cereal poured 5-6 stack. boiling water and boil for 1 hour.
After the solution is cooled and filtered. The drug is drunk during the day in unlimited quantities.
Also reduce the sugar contributes to horseradish. One root is grated and mixed with sour milk in the ratio of 1 to 10. The medication is taken in 1 tbsp. l 3 p. the day before meals.
The buckwheat-nut mix will also help get rid of high sugar. For its preparation, 5 parts of cereals and 1 part of walnut kernels are ground in a coffee grinder and mixed.
In the evening, 1 tbsp. l the mixture is poured into a container and pour ¼ cup sour milk, but do not mix. Swollen mixture eaten on an empty stomach, seizing all 1 apple.
Then 1 tbsp. l the mixture is consumed twice before lunch and dinner. Treatment course - 3 months. It is worth noting that sour milk with nuts not only eliminates hyperglycemia, but also normalizes the functioning of the pancreas.
In diabetes, you can go through a special treatment course. So, the first month instead of water should drink an infusion of wild rose (1 tbsp. L), rowan berries (1 tbsp. L.). Then a break is taken for 7 days.
The next month should be used infusion based on such plants as:
- dandelion root;
- blueberry leaves;
- bean pods.
All the ingredients are taken in an amount of 25 g each, poured boiling water and infused for 6 minutes. Infusion taken before meals 3-4 p. per day for 1 glass. Then again, a break for 7 days.
Then you should take the tincture on the basis of kupeny. To prepare it, the roots of a plant (100 g) are poured with a liter of high-quality vodka and insist.
Means take 2 p. 10 drops per day, diluting it in a small amount of green tea or rosehip. The medicine is drunk for 14 days.
The easiest way to treat diabetes is to eat baked onions on an empty stomach. It should be consumed within 30 days.
In addition, mustard or flax seeds contribute to lower sugar levels. Therefore, every day you need to eat a pinch of mustard seed.
You can also make a tincture of Japanese Sophora. For this 2 tbsp. l Seeds insist on 0.5 liters of vodka for 3 months, and after the remedy take 3 p. per day for 1 tsp. within 30 days.
Another hypoglycemic effect has lilac. The leaves of the plant are brewed as regular tea, which can be taken at any time of the day in unlimited quantities.
In addition, the blood glucose level can be normalized if you drink an infusion of swollen lilac buds. Two large spoons of raw materials pour 2 stacks. boiling water and insist all 6 hours. The resulting tool is divided into 4 servings that need to be taken throughout the day.
Egg with lemon in diabetes, in the form of a mixture is also used to reduce blood sugar. To do this, squeeze out one citrus juice and mix it with 1 yolk.
You need to drink a cocktail on an empty stomach, you can have breakfast only after 60 minutes. They take the medicine for 3 days, after a break for 10 days, and then the treatment is repeated again.
How to get rid of blood sugar using levzey? On the basis of this plant is preparing a decoction.
For this, 1 tbsp. l root pour 1 stack. water. All cook 2 hours and filtered. The medicine is taken 3 r. a day before meals 1 tbsp. a spoon.
When insulin-dependent diabetes and for the prevention of angiopathy of the legs, use tincture kupeny. 100 g of root is poured over with a liter of alcohol (70%) and insist for 20 days. Tincture take 2 p. on the day of 14 days, 10 drops diluted in water.
You can also cook a decoction of water in the water or in milk. In the first case, 2 tbsp. l pre-chopped root is placed in an enamelled container, filled with water (1000 ml) and boiled for 30 minutes. under a closed lid. Then means insist 1 hour and drink 4 p. per day 1/3 cup.
To prepare the broth with milk, 50 g of the root of the kupena is placed in a large saucepan (5 l), 3 liters of milk are poured and boiled in a water bath until the volume decreases to 1 liter. The cooled broth is filtered through cheesecloth, outlived and drunk three times a day.
Also in chronic hyperglycemia using powder from acorns. The tool takes 30 days in an amount of 1 tsp. three times a day before meals. The video in this article will tell you how to reduce sugar without medication.