Proper nutrition is an essential component of the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Often this disease is accompanied by severe obesity and polyuria, contributing to the removal of large amounts of fluid from the body. Using the developed recipes for diabetes mellitus type 2, you can reduce weight, control glucose and insulin levels in the blood, as well as avoid the development of complications.
How to eat with type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes mellitus in most cases develops against the background of aging of the body or obesity. This disease is characterized by an increase in glucose, due to a decrease in the ability of cells to interact with insulin. Medical nutrition for this endocrine disease should be aimed at eliminating excess fat deposits, since they are the largest insulin consumer in the body.
Compliance with the rules of low-carb diet in type 2 diabetes requires the inclusion in the diet of foods rich in slow carbohydrates and proteins.
Reducing body weight in some patients can cure diabetes. Compliance with the rules of a low carbohydrate diet with this endocrine disease requires the inclusion in the diet of foods rich in slow carbohydrates and proteins. In this case, fat intake must be minimized. With the inclusion of only approved products in the menu, sudden sugar jumps and increased insulin production can be avoided.
What can and can not eat with diabetes?
Allowed foods include those rich in protein, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, and plant fiber. Important and caloric intake. The smaller it is, the better. The diet can include:
- chicken meat;
- rabbit meat;
- low-fat fish;
- lean veal;
- brown rice;
- pastries and wholemeal bread;
- low-fat dairy products;
- muesli from solid cereals;
- Bulgarian pepper;
- green pea;
- egg whites:
- vegetable oil;
- zucchini, etc.
In fact, this is not a complete list of authorized products. It is desirable to limit the consumption of sweet fruits, because they contain elevated levels of fructose and sucrose. Forbidden products include:
- puff pastry;
- fatty meats and fish;
- fatty meat broths;
- smoked meat;
- carbonated drinks;
Use bananas in diabetes is prohibited.
Even in limited quantities, the intake of these products leads to a strong increase in blood glucose levels.
Carbohydrates and proteins
Proteins and carbohydrates present in food, differ in molecular structure, so their assimilation and conversion into energy in the body is heterogeneous. Proteins are important because they are the building blocks for cells. This component is involved in the metabolic process. Even insulin is protein in its structure.
Diabetics need to consume proteins in the same amount as healthy people.
There is a mass of structural forms of carbohydrates. The structure of this substance affects the possibility of its assimilation. Thus, all types of carbohydrates can be divided into: banned, restricted allowed and recommended.
The first category includes honey, raisins, sugar and many other sweets. The carbohydrates contained in these products are simple in structure and can be quickly absorbed, increasing glucose in the blood.
Honey contains banned carbohydrates, which can be quickly absorbed, increasing glucose in the blood.
Products that include conditionally approved carbohydrates include rye bread, buckwheat, boiled rice, legumes, etc. In this case, glycosylated hemoglobin and glucose will remain normal if products are consumed in limited quantities.
Products that include approved carbohydrates include eggplants, zucchini, cucumbers, greens, cauliflower, etc. Substances present in these products are slowly absorbed. The plant fiber present in them promotes the elimination of toxins from the body and the breakdown of fats.
Glycemic Product Index
Type 2 diabetics when choosing products should pay attention to their glycemic index. This indicator indicates the rate of excretion and absorption of carbohydrates. The smaller this indicator, the slower the absorption of the product. According to this principle, all carbohydrates are divided into simple, medium and complex.
In simple compounds, the index is more than 70%. Products containing such carbohydrates include baking, fried potatoes, beer, sugar, etc. Their use is unacceptable. The glycemic index in average carbohydrates ranges from 40 to 69%. Such compounds are absorbed more slowly, but products containing them should be consumed in limited quantities. The glycemic index of complex carbohydrates is less than 40%. Diabetics are encouraged to use foods that include such compounds.
Drug use in diabetes is unacceptable.
Technological details of cooking in diabetes type 2
Food for this disease should be fractional, i.e. food should be taken in small portions 5-6 times a day. It is advisable to eat at the same time. It is important to properly prepare the dish. It is advisable to steam food, bake or stew.
In case of diabetes, one should not eat too hot dishes, since this will increase the speed of absorption of substances. Food should be warm. When cooking, do not chop vegetables and fruits. In addition, diabetics are advised to eat main dishes slightly undercooked. Raw vegetables are much safer and more beneficial for diabetics than heat-treated.
Foods rich in carbohydrates should be prepared and consumed only in the morning. The dish can be limited to flavor with spices and spices. Before cooking, remove fat from the meat and skin from the bird. To improve the taste of drinks you can use sugar substitutes and stevia.
The use of multicooker for cooking
Cooking in a slow cooker avoids the use of vegetable and animal fats. Fish, meat and vegetables in this machine can be stewed in their own juice. The slow cooker allows you to reduce the cooking time of delicious and healthy dishes.
Cooking in a slow cooker avoids the use of vegetable and animal fats.
Drawing up a diet menu for the week
The energy value of the daily diet should not exceed 1500-1700 kcal. The daily rate is:
- Fats - not more than 80 g;
- proteins - 100 g;
- salt - no more than 12 g;
- carbohydrates - 300 g;
- liquid - 2 liters.
These parameters must be considered when drawing up a weekly diet. During the week you can eat no more than 1-2 servings of sweets, vegetable and animal fats. During this period, you should consume up to 7-8 servings of croup. These products are rich in fiber and contribute to rapid saturation. For a week you can eat about 4-5 servings of vegetables and 2-3 fruits. The number of legumes should be limited to 2-3 servings. During the week, up to 2-3 servings of dairy products are allowed.
Many cold and hot snacks with proper preparation can be included in the diet of diabetics. Such dishes are low-calorie when they are made from permitted foods. Snacks can be enjoyed at lunch and afternoon tea.
Caloric content of this snack is only 125 kcal. You can cook it quickly. First, a thin piece of rye bread should be spread with cottage cheese mixture. Pour some carrot straws on top of the sandwich and place thin slices of herring fillet. You can decorate the appetizer with chopped greens. You can drink a sandwich unsweetened tea.
Herring sandwich can be washed down with unsweetened tea.
Stuffed eggs are not only a tasty snack, but also an important source of protein. To prepare the dish, you first need to boil a hard-boiled egg, cool it, cut it into 2 halves and remove the yolk. After that, the yolk should be finely chopped and mixed with low-fat sour cream and chopped dill. The resulting mixture is necessary to stuff the halves of the eggs.
Calorie content of 1 serving of this snack is only 93 kcal. To prepare this dish, young zucchini should be peeled and cut into small cubes. Vegetable should be moved to the pan and pour water. Boil the mixture until the zucchini is soft. After that, clean the carrots with onions and then add them to the pan. In addition, you can add garlic, a few chopped tomatoes and greens. Boil the mixture should be at least 30 minutes, and then beat with a blender until a homogeneous consistency.
If you choose the right ingredients, the pizza will not cause an increase in glucose jump. For the dough, mix 150 g of rye and 50 g of buckwheat flour, ½ tsp. dry yeast, a pinch of salt and a glass of warm water. All components should be thoroughly mixed and left for 2-3 hours in a container thoroughly oiled with vegetable oil.
For the dough, mix 150 g of rye and 50 g of buckwheat flour, ½ tsp. dry yeast, a pinch of salt and a glass of warm water.
The finished dough should be rolled out in shape, and then put in the oven for 5 minutes to bake at 220 ° C. After that, on the surface of the dough you need to lay out the filling, consisting of a mixture of chopped boiled chicken, fresh mushrooms, tomatoes, bell peppers and olives. Top should be tuck stuffing grated cheese. It is necessary to cook another 15 minutes.
Salads with diabetes
There are many options for salads from vegetables, fruits and seafood, which can be included in the diet of diabetics. Such dishes are low calorie, but they allow you to quickly eliminate hunger.
Cucumber salad is extremely simple to prepare and at the same time contains a minimum of calories. For cooking you need to cut a few fresh cucumbers into thin half-rings. Chopped greens are added to vegetables, ½ tsp. lemon juice, pressed through a garlic press and some green peas.
For cooking seafood salad will need about 50 grams of peeled squid and the same amount of shrimp. In addition, you will need 1 tbsp. salted cod roe, an apple and 2 eggs. For refueling, you can use ¼ tsp. apple cider vinegar and vegetable oil. To decorate the dish will need a few sprigs of dill. All ingredients should be thoroughly chopped, mixed and seasoned with oil and vinegar.
For seafood salad you need 50 grams of squid, 50 grams of shrimp, 1 tbsp. cod roe, apple, 2 eggs, ¼ tsp apple cider vinegar and vegetable oil.
A good substitute for Olivier on the holiday table will be a salad with mushrooms and Jerusalem artichoke. About 200 g of white mushrooms, about 200 g of cauliflower and up to 100 g of Jerusalem artichoke are required for cooking. In the dish will need to add 1 tsp. grainy mustard and ½ tsp. salt. For refueling, use low-fat sour cream. All ingredients should be washed, peeled, boiled, cut into cubes and mix. After that, the salad must add mustard and salt, and then fill the mixture with sour cream.
First courses for diabetes
In case of type 2 diabetes, it is necessary to include low-calorie soups, cabbage soup, pickle and hodgepodge in your diet With the right approach, cooking the first dishes does not take much time.
To prepare this dish, add the diced potato and a handful of wheat cereal to the diluted meat broth. After that, the broth should be boiled. When the potatoes are almost ready, grated parsnips and carrots are added. Last but not least, add ½ cup of tomato juice, diced pickled cucumber, ground black pepper and bay leaf. From above the dish needs to be decorated with greens.
With type 2 diabetes, you can diversify the menu with Leningrad pickle.
Pumpkin Tomato Soup
To make this diet soup, you need to heat about 500 ml of chicken broth. After that, about 500 g of pumpkin should be cut into small cubes. It is necessary to grind 3 cloves of garlic and 2-3 leaves of rosemary. About 500 g of tomatoes should be minced. When the pumpkin is soft, you need to add in a tomato sauce, garlic, rosemary, and a little ground pepper and 1 tbsp. vegetable oil. Until ready, cook the soup for about 25 minutes.
To cook this first dish, first rinse, disassemble into inflorescences and bake cauliflower in the oven. It is necessary to grind the Bulgarian pepper, onion and small carrots. On mashed potatoes should grind 3 ripe tomatoes. When cooking dishes also need 2 tablespoons. vegetable oil and spices.
500 ml of water should be poured into the pan, and then tomato sauce and chopped vegetables should be added to it. After 20 minutes, the cauliflower is baked in a pan. After that you can add spices and vegetable oil. The finished dish is decorated with greens and chopped olives.
Spanish cold gazpacho soup
Cold gazpacho soup will be a good substitute for okroshka on hot days.
Cold Spanish gazpacho soup will be a good substitute for okroshka on hot days.
For cooking you will need:
- sweet pepper - 2 pcs .;
- cucumbers - 2 pcs .;
- tomatoes - 4 pcs .;
- garlic - 2 cloves;
- wine vinegar - 1 tbsp. l .;
- olive oil - 3 tbsp .;
- spices and herbs to taste.
All vegetables need to chop and pass through a blender. After that add spices and herbs. Soup should be infused in the fridge for three hours. Before serving, diced crackers are added to the table in the dish.
Second course options
Main dishes allow you to vary the diet of people suffering from type 2 diabetes. There are many good recipes for stews, casseroles, stewed vegetables, etc.
Fish casserole with rice
Low-calorie casserole can be used for lunch and dinner. First, fish fillets should be cut into strips and combined with chopped carrots and onions. The resulting mixture should be cooked in a pan for about 10 minutes. Boil rice and flavor with a few spoons of sour cream. After that, half of the rice is laid out in the form. The next layer is fish with vegetables. The last layer is the remaining rice. Top need to sprinkle with grated cheese dish. Cooking should be in the oven for 20 minutes.
To reduce the calorie content of red fish, you can bake it tasty and quickly in foil.
Red fish baked in foil
To reduce the calorie content of red fish, you can bake it tasty and quickly in foil. Approximately 500 g of fillet must be washed and separated from the skin. Across the surface, cuts should be made. The fish is laid out on the foil, salted and pepper. From above, you need to lay out a few slices of lemon and onion rings. Wrap the fish thoroughly in foil and bake in the oven until ready for 25 minutes.
Soak the beans for 12 hours and then boil.They must be poured into a pre-heated pan and simmer with peas for 15 minutes. Then add the onion rings and a little butter, chopped garlic and thinly sliced tomato. Stew the mixture to about 10 minutes.
Vegetables in sour cream sauce
To prepare the dish, take 400 g of zucchini and cauliflower, rinse them, cut into cubes and boil until done. After that, flour is poured into the preheated pan, into which you should add a little oil. Need to get a ruddy gruel. Ketchup, low-fat sour cream and spices are added to the flour. The mixture is fried for another 5 minutes, and then boiled vegetables are added to it. Stew the dish should be another 10 minutes.
Eggplant in meat pots with peanut sauce
First you need to cut along the eggplant and sprinkle them with salt. Fruits leave for 30 minutes to remove bitterness from them. After that, they should be washed, cut into cubes and simmer in a frying pan for 10 minutes. Approximately 300 grams of lean minced meat is required to be lightly fried in a pan. Nuts grind in a mortar and mix with spices and crushed garlic. After that, they need to start boiling water to the consistency of thick cream. Eggplants and meat are laid out in a pot in layers and poured over the sauce. The dish must be cooked in the oven for 40 minutes.
Zucchini stuffed with mushrooms
To prepare this dish, you need to wash 2 young zucchini, cut them in half, salt and pepper. After that, boil ½ cup of buckwheat with 2-3 dry porcini mushrooms, onions and carrots. While the buckwheat is boiled, you need to cut 100 g of mushrooms into cubes and fry them with garlic. Ready buckwheat mix with mushrooms and stuff with zucchini mixture. Dish should be laid out on a baking sheet and baked for 30 minutes.
Sauces greatly increase the calorie content of dishes, so it is better to abandon them. If you do not need mayonnaise and other sauces, you can include sour cream with greens in the diet.
Unsweetened dessert for diabetic
Few people manage to completely overcome the sweetness of sweets. However, some unsweetened desserts can be a substitute for it.
Delicious pancakes can be made from zucchini. Vegetable need to be cleaned and grated. 1 cup of rye flour and 1 egg are added to mush. To taste, you can add chopped herbs and spices. Formed pancakes are placed on a baking sheet greased with vegetable oil and baked in the oven for 20 minutes until cooked.
For making cheesecakes, you need to mix about 500 g of grated low-fat cottage cheese with 120 g of flour and 2 eggs.
For making cheesecakes, you need to mix about 500 g of grated low-fat cottage cheese with 120 g of flour and 2 eggs. To taste, you can add cinnamon or vanilla to the mix. After that, you need to give the cheesecakes a shape and fry them on both sides in vegetable oil. Ready cheesecakes should be shifted to paper napkins to eliminate excess fat. The finished dish can be served with sour cream.