Diabetes mellitus is a disease that is intertwined with metabolic difficulties in the body. In this case, it is characterized by the fact that the percentage of glucose in the blood exceeds the permissible rate.
Today, there are many effective drugs that can inhibit the digestion and absorption of carbohydrates in the small intestine.
As a result of taking such funds, glucose gains after eating a meal, which on the lion’s share consists of carbohydrates, are significantly reduced. One of these drugs is Glucobay.
As a rule, he is appointed to those people who suffer from insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Accept it only in cases where a fundamental change in lifestyle and improper diet, as well as the use of hypoglycemic agents do not give the desired effect and control the development of the disease.
This drug contains an active ingredient in its composition called acarbose. It is an oligosaccharide that appears after fermentation from the microorganism Actinoplanes utahensis.
The drug is produced in tablets. The dosage is presented in 50 mg and 100 mg. Additional substances are colloidal anhydrous silicon dioxide, corn starch and microcrystalline cellulose.
Indications for use
It is prescribed to eliminate the symptoms of type 2 diabetes.
To Glucobay had the maximum positive effect on the body, it must be supplemented with a special diet.
Also, many doctors prescribe it in order to prevent this unpleasant disease to patients who have a so-called pre-diabetes condition, in combination with proper nutrition and increased physical activity.
Instructions for use of the drug Glucobay contains all the necessary information about it, but you can find out the price, get acquainted with reviews and analogues on the Internet.
Like other similar drugs, it has contraindications. These include:
- serious bowel disease;
- digestive disorders and absorption;
- sensitivity to the active substance of the drug;
- age less than eighteen;
- conditions accompanied by flatulence;
- pregnancy and lactation;
- disruption of the normal functioning of the organs of the excretory system.
With caution it should be taken in such ailments and situations such as:
- severe infectious diseases;
- damage to the bones of the musculoskeletal system, joints and ligaments;
- recent surgery.
With long-term use of this tool may cause an increase in the level of “liver” enzymes, which occurs without visible and hidden symptoms.
Therefore, during the year of treatment with this drug, it is necessary to control the level of these substances. After discontinuation of the drug Glukobay, their activity quickly returns to normal.
As mentioned earlier, it is not recommended for women to use it in an interesting position and during lactation. If you ignore this contraindication, then you can face serious pathologies in the fetus and the infant baby.
Method of use and dosage
As regards the use of Glucobay tablets, maximum efficiency can be achieved if taken before meals in intact form, without chewing.
You need to drink a pill with a minimum amount of purified drinking water. Do not drink other liquids, especially those that contain sugar in the composition. If desired, it can be chewed with the first portion of food.
As for the dosage, it is determined solely by the attending doctor. For each case, choose their own dosage. This is done because the effectiveness and tolerability of the active substance by the patient is different for everyone. Glucobay is used for mixed therapy in combination with a special diet in patients with type 2 diabetes.
According to the instructions for use of the drug Glucobay, the first single dose is one tablet (50 mg). Daily dose - pill three times a day. Next, you should increase the dose, which should now be two tablets of 50 mg three times a day.
In some cases, the dose may be increased to 200 mg up to several times a day. It is important to remember that it is only necessary to increase the amount of drug used with a break of two months, not less.
If a patient receiving Glucobay, despite the strict adherence to the prescribed diet, diarrhea and flatulence only increase, then the subsequent dose increase must be urgently stopped or simply reduced.
The average daily dose is 300 mg per day.
According to the instructions for use of the drug Glukobay, the price of which can be found in any pharmacy, it has such side effects as:
- accumulation of gas in the intestines;
- unbearable abdominal pain;
- emetic urges;
- intestinal obstruction;
- increased activity of liver transaminases.
If an increased dose of this drug was obtained with food or drinks that contain carbohydrates, then an overdose may manifest as bloating and diarrhea. In this case, you should immediately eliminate from the diet foods and beverages that contain a high concentration of carbohydrates. When you receive an impressive dose of this drug is not related to food intake, the development of the above symptoms is not observed.
Interaction with other drugs
It is very important during treatment with Glucobay to carefully monitor your diet.
If at the same time with the drug to eat foods that have a high concentration of sugar, as a result, you can get unpleasant stomach pains that are accompanied by diarrhea.
This phenomenon is due to the high fermentation of carbohydrates in the large intestine. Cholestyramine, adsorbents and preparations containing enzymes to speed up digestion, can affect the action of Glucobay tablets.
But in combination with substances such as dimethicone and simethicone no adverse and undesirable reactions are observed. It is known that the drug cardinally changes the bioavailability of digoxin. But sulfonylurea derivatives, insulin, metformin only increase the hypoglycemic effect of the main active substance.
It is important to note that agents that cause hyperglycemia (diuretics, steroid hormones, phenothiazine, estrogens, contraceptives, isoniazid, nicotinic acid, thyroid hormones, calcium channel blockers) reduce the effectiveness of acarbose. As a result, the unpleasant development of diabetes decompensation is possible.
Instructions for use
Some people use it to fight overweight. Despite this, Glucobay is not a means for losing weight.
Glucobay is a special medical drug that is prescribed mainly for diabetes.
It is important to note that in no case it is recommended to combine it with other drugs, if it is not exactly known about their interaction with the latter.
The function of this drug is quite understandable: it aims to reduce the absorption of carbohydrates, not allowing the sugar to rise in the blood. In other words, it blocks a certain part of the calories that are contained in foods richly rich in carbohydrates.
A substance called acarbose breaks down complex compounds of sugar to glucose. Moreover, the last of them lose their ability to be absorbed by the intestines and do not enter the blood. It is precisely on this that the action of these pills is based: by eating them with food containing carbohydrates, it is possible to completely eliminate the possibility of the deposition of extra pounds on the body.
Pro Glucobay losing weight reviews suggest that the drug really works.
And those people who are afraid to harm their own body and fall into a coma from falling sugar levels, the manufacturer gives a guarantee that the active ingredient of the drug Glucobay called acarbose is not able to lower the sugar level to a critical point.
He is also unable to provoke hypoglycemic states.
Price and analogues
For the drug Acarbose (Glukobay) the price is not low - from 500 to 850 rubles per pack. Since many people cannot afford this drug, it is possible to purchase more affordable counterparts at lower prices.
One of the analogues can be called a tool called Alumina, which is available in tablets. It also contains active ingredient acarbose, which blocks glucose.
Pills Glucophage slimming
Since the accompanying drug Glucobay instructions for use for weight loss says that the active ingredient in them is acarbose, it is quite possible to replace the drug with a more accessible analogue.
It has the drug Glucobay analogs, such as Glucophage, Siofor, Metfohamma and Gliformin. However, the action of these medicines is based on another active ingredient - metformin, which is also a carbohydrate blocker.
Ziofor Diet Pills
As it is known, it is metformin that is less effective in comparison with acarbose. But despite this, he also has his advantages, the list of which includes:
- improvement of lipid metabolism;
- suppression of the desire to eat sweet food.
It is very important in the treatment of this drug to follow a very strict diet, which completely eliminates the use of products containing an impressive amount of carbohydrates.
A patient taking Glucobay, which can be purchased at a low price, should be informed by his doctor that it is impossible to cancel this drug on his own.
This task is only a doctor, with whom he is under observation. If you ignore this rule, you can get an unwanted increase in sugar levels. There is also the risk of increasing the side effects that are observed in the digestive system.
If, despite a strict diet, the symptoms only get worse, you should immediately reduce the dose of the drug Glucobay.
It is important to take into account the fact that acarbose significantly inhibits the conversion of sucrose to glucose, therefore, if hypoglycemia occurs, it is necessary to apply the latter to relieve it.
It is very important that the appropriate note on the use of the drug Glucobay be surely made in the medical record of the patient with diabetes.
Pharmacological characteristics and instructions for use for the drug Glucobay:
Acarbose is the active ingredient of the drug Glucobay, the price of which can be found in pharmacies. If the cost is too high, then you can purchase a more affordable counterpart, which has a completely identical effect. Since the drug Acarbose (Glucobay) for weight loss is positive for drug reviews, which indicate that it is very effective not only in the treatment of insufficient production of the hormone insulin, but also in weight loss, it can be safely used for this difficult task.
The only requirement that must be met before taking these pills is that they can only be prescribed by the attending physician. Do not take them without consulting a doctor, because you can cause serious harm to all departments and systems of the body. You should also remember that the drug is only available with a prescription, so a visit to the appropriate specialist in this case is mandatory.