With such a violation in the body as diabetes, use different methods of treatment. Doctors do not always prescribe drugs immediately; dietary therapy is often used in the initial stage of the disease.
Eliminating or minimizing the use of harmful products, it is possible to normalize glucose levels. But for this you need to know what principles need to build a diet. When taking into account some of the limitations, you can maintain a normal state of health, without using drugs.
Nutrition Principles for Type 1 Diabetes
The main thing in diet therapy is the preferential consumption of healthy foods and the elimination of harmful ones.
But, in addition, it is necessary to properly organize the diet:
- At least 4 meals are required per day.
- It is advisable to eat at the same hours (or approximately the same).
- Eat regularly.
- Avoid fasting and overeating.
- Daily energy value of food need to evenly distribute.
- Eat a variety of foods.
- Follow the list of approved products for diabetics with type 1 disease.
- Constantly analyze the calorie content of products using a table developed by experts.
- Replace sugar with xylitol or sorbitol.
- Control the amount of fluid consumed. It should be no more than 1200 ml. This amount includes all liquids, including soups.
- Use minerals and vitamins.
- Constantly check sugar levels and adjust nutrition according to the results.
- Do not consume sugar, but do not leave the house without candy or lump sugar (in case of hypoglycemia).
If you follow these rules, you will be able to minimize the risk of complications of the disease. But their implementation must be taken very seriously, since even a small digression can lead to dangerous consequences.
What products are allowed?
In the treatment of diet therapy is necessary not only to know the rules.
It is necessary to make the menu correctly, and for this you need to focus on the list of allowed and prohibited diabetic type 1 products.
Among the permitted products are those that are beneficial to the patient's health and contribute to a positive dynamic.
- black bread (rye);
- vegetable soups;
- soups in broth from lean meat or fish;
- borscht on lean broth;
- beetroot soup;
- chicken (breast);
- pasta made from wholemeal flour (when consumed, you need to reduce the amount of bread);
- Apple juice;
- low-fat cottage cheese (not more than 200 g);
- dishes based on cottage cheese (for example, cheesecakes);
- eggs (maximum 2 pcs.);
- Orange juice;
- cabbage (both fresh and pickled);
- weak coffee;
- butter and vegetable (use only in the process of cooking);
- vegetable salads;
- cereals (oatmeal, buckwheat, barley);
- rice (unprocessed);
- dishes of lean meat (stewed, boiled, steamed);
- low-fat cheese (except salty types);
- sea fish (boiled or baked);
- canned fish (fish should be in its own juice);
- protein omelets;
- compotes (without sugar);
- fruits and berries with a sour taste;
- diabetic sweets and biscuits;
- seasonings in small quantities.
From the above products and it is necessary to make a daily menu, so that the food is varied and provides the body with necessary substances.
Depending on the condition and characteristics of the patient, this list can be supplemented or shortened. Therefore it is necessary to find out all the details from the doctor leading the treatment.
Read more about the nutrition of diabetics in the video material:
What products are prohibited?
Forbidden foods are the most important aspect in menu building. From it it is necessary to exclude the food that can harm the patient.
- ice cream;
- carbonated drinks;
- baking flour;
- green pea;
- pickled vegetables;
- pickles from vegetables;
- dried fruits (raisins, dates);
In addition, there are restrictions on such products:
- canned fish;
- White rice;
- nuts (especially peanuts);
- smoked meat;
- industrially prepared sauces.
Sometimes a doctor may resolve some of these products if the patient is feeling well. But they are usually allowed in small quantities. If after their use deterioration is observed, the product is strictly prohibited.
Detailed diabetic menu for the week
Despite the presence of clear guidelines, some patients cannot compile the menu correctly. This can help a specialist, but you can use examples that are found on the Internet. It is only necessary to compare the dishes and products from the intended menu with the lists compiled by the doctor.
One example of a diet for a type 1 diabetic is shown in the table:
|1st breakfast||Black bread, fresh cabbage with lemon juice, buckwheat porridge, tea||Barley porridge on milk, grated carrots, rye bread, tea||Boiled fish, bran bread, low-fat cottage cheese, tea||Oatmeal with milk, bread, carrot-apple salad, low-fat cheese, coffee drink||Beet salad, wheat porridge, tea, bread||Omelet (2 eggs), bread, boiled veal, tomato, tea||Oatmeal, low-fat cheese, bread, coffee drink|
|2nd breakfast||Apple, still mineral water||Apple sorbet (1 pc.), Tea||Grapefruit, pear||Berry Compote||Apple sorbets||Apple, mineral water||Berry Compote|
|Dinner||Lean borscht, boiled chicken meat, berry jelly, bread (bran), compote||Vegetable soup, salad, roast vegetables (prepared with a small amount of sunflower oil), bran bread, non-carbonated mineral water||Vegetable soup with fish broth, boiled chicken, cabbage and apple salad, bread, homemade lemonade||Lean borscht, braised cabbage, boiled meat, black bread, non-carbonated mineral water||Bean soup, unpolished boiled rice, calf liver (stew),|
bran bread, dogrose broth
|Baked chicken, vegetable salad, pumpkin porridge (without rice)||Rassolnik, broccoli, non-greasy stew, tea|
|Afternoon tea||Cottage cheese, apple or pear, pear||Orange, decoction of wild rose||An Apple;||Orange, decoction of wild rose||Fruit salad, mineral water||Grapefruit||Savory biscuit tea|
|Dinner||Squash caviar, small loafs (rye), meat patties with cabbage, tea||Cottage cheese or rice casserole, bread, soft-boiled egg, tea||Cabbage schnitzel, saute of vegetables, homemade meatballs (lean meat), tea||Schnitzel fish, bran bread, vegetables (stewed), homemade lemonade||Pumpkin casserole, vegetable salad (cucumbers, tomatoes), cutlet (steamed)||Boiled fish, stewed cabbage, bread||Green beans, baked fish, juice|
|2nd dinner||Kefir||Ryazhenka||Drinking yoghurt||Milk||Kefir||Drinking yoghurt||Milk|
The menu can be adjusted according to the preferences of the patient and how his treatment is progressing.
Diet number 9 for insulin-dependent diabetics
In the treatment of any disease, one of the methods of therapeutic treatment is a change in nutrition. There are special systems focused on patients suffering from a particular pathology. For diabetics, such a system is also provided - this is the No9 diet.
This type of diet is not considered strict, it can be adjusted according to individual preferences and the patient's condition.
The basic rules concern fractional and frequent feeding, limiting the amount of salt, as well as cooking methods (cooking, stewing and steaming are considered preferable). It is advisable to refuse frying and stewing, although it is sometimes allowed to eat dishes prepared using these methods.
Sugar in this diet is recommended to replace sweeteners (sucrose, fructose, etc.).
Features diet for children
This diagnosis does not depend on age, even a child can be a diabetic. In this case, food should be monitored especially carefully, since the child’s body cannot be restricted in the consumption of substances necessary for development.
But at the same time it is necessary to avoid products, harmful at diabetes. Therefore, the parents of a sick child should take a responsible approach to the organization of his food.
Children with diabetes are recommended the same diet as adults (table number 9). The principles of catering are almost the same as those prescribed for older patients.
These are regularity, adherence to the regime, avoidance of starvation, a variety of menus, focus on the lists of allowed and prohibited products. You also need to control the ratio of proteins, fats and carbohydrates in the daily diet. The desired number of meals for a diabetic child is 6 times. This number includes 3 main and 3 additional methods.
Control of sugar level is very important for children, since they themselves are not always able to assess their well-being.
When switching to dietary nutrition, it is necessary to take care of the child from excessive physical and emotional stress for some time. They provoke the consumption of energy, which will increase the need for baby in carbohydrates. Because of this, it will be more difficult to adapt to a new lifestyle. You can return to sports after your child adapts.
In infants, diabetes is rare, but it is still possible. In relation to them, you should also follow certain rules of nutrition in order to reduce the rate of development of the disease.
If you have to use artificial nutrition, you must choose a mixture with a low sugar content or without it at all.
It is worth feeding these babies from about six months of age. It is worth starting with juices and vegetable purees - home or purchased (without adding sugar). It is necessary to give baby porridge last of all and carefully. They contain a lot of carbohydrates that need to be limited.
Video from Dr. Komarovsky about diabetes in children:
The condition of young diabetics should be closely monitored by their relatives. Do not skip scheduled medical examinations and ignore the symptoms of violations. Also, one should not think that a child can “outgrow” the disease, and be careless. Such behavior can lead to the progression of the disease, and sometimes becomes the cause of death of the patient.