Blood donation is an opportunity to save someone's life by sharing the most valuable fluid of our body. Today, more and more people are willing to become donors, but they doubt whether they are suitable for this role and whether they can donate blood.
It is not a secret for anyone that people with infectious diseases, such as viral hepatitis or HIV, are categorically not allowed to donate blood. But is it possible to be a donor in diabetes mellitus, because the disease is not transmitted from person to person, and therefore can not harm the patient.
To answer this question, it is necessary to understand this problem in more detail and to understand whether a serious illness is always an obstacle to blood donation.
Can a diabetic donate blood
Diabetes mellitus is not considered a direct obstacle to participation in blood donation, but it is important to understand that this ailment significantly changes the composition of the patient’s blood. All people suffering from diabetes, there is a significant increase in blood glucose levels, so overflowing it to a sick person can cause him a serious attack of hyperglycemia.
In addition, patients with diabetes mellitus, both type 1 and type 2, inject insulin preparations, which often leads to an excessive amount of insulin in the blood. When it enters the body of a person who does not suffer from disorders of carbohydrate metabolism, such an insulin concentration can cause hypoglycemic shock, which is a serious condition of the crane.
But all this does not mean that a diabetic cannot become a donor, because not only blood can be donated, but also plasma. In case of many diseases, injuries and surgical operations, the patient needs exactly plasma transfusions, not blood.
In addition, plasma is a more universal biological material, since it has no blood group and rhesus factor, and therefore can be used to save a much larger number of patients.
Plasma collection from the donor is performed using the plasmapheresis procedure, which is performed in all Blood Centers of Russia.
What is plasmapheresis
Plasmapheresis is a procedure in which only plasma is selectively removed from the donor, and all blood cells, such as white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets are returned to the body.
Such a blood purification allows doctors to get the most valuable component of it, rich in vital proteins, namely:
This composition makes blood plasma a truly unique substance that has no analogues.
And the blood cleansing carried out in the process of plasmapheresis makes it possible to take part in the donation even to people with imperfect health, for example, with a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes.
During the procedure, 600 ml of plasma are withdrawn from the donor. Delivery of such a volume is absolutely safe for the donor, which was confirmed in the course of numerous medical studies. Already in the next 24 hours, the body fully restores the amount of plasma withdrawn.
Plasmapheresis is not harmful to the body, but rather brings him considerable benefits. During the procedure, the person's blood is cleaned, and the overall tone of the body begins to noticeably increase. This is especially important for patients with diabetes of the second form, since with this disease, due to a metabolic disorder, many dangerous toxins accumulate in the blood of a person, poisoning his body.
Many doctors believe that plasmapheresis contributes to the rejuvenation and healing of the body, as a result of which the donor becomes more active and energetic.
The procedure itself is completely painless and does not cause any discomfort to the person.
How to donate plasma
The first thing that a person who wants to donate plasma needs to do is to find a branch of the Blood Center in his city.
When visiting this organization, you should always carry a passport with a permanent or temporary registration in the city of residence, which should be presented at the reception.
An employee of the center will verify passport data with the information base, and then will issue a questionnaire to the future donor, in which it is necessary to provide the following information:
- About all past infectious diseases;
- About the presence of chronic diseases;
- About recent contact with people with any bacterial or viral infections;
- On the use of any narcotic or psychotropic substances;
- About work in hazardous industries;
- About all vaccinations or surgeries postponed in 12 months.
If a person is sick with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, then this must necessarily be reflected in the questionnaire. There is no point in concealing such a disease, since any donor blood undergoes thorough research.
As noted above, donating blood in diabetes does not work, but for the delivery of plasma, the disease is not an obstacle. After filling in the questionnaire, a potential donor is sent for a thorough medical examination, which includes both laboratory blood tests and an examination by a general practitioner.
During the examination, the doctor will remove the following indicators:
- Body temperature;
- Arterial pressure;
- Pulse rate
In addition, the therapist will verbally ask the donor about his health and the presence of complaints about health. All information about the health status of the donor is confidential and is not subject to distribution. It can be given only to the donor himself, for which he will need to visit the Blood Center several days after the first visit.
The final decision on the admission of a person to plasma delivery is made by a transfusiologist, who determines the neuropsychiatric status of the donor. If he suspects that the donor can take narcotic drugs, abuse alcohol or lead an antisocial lifestyle, then he is guaranteed to be refused plasma surrender.
Plasma collection in blood centers takes place in conditions comfortable for the donor. They put him in a special donor chair, inject a needle into a vein and connect it to the device. During this procedure, venous donor blood enters the device, where the separation of blood plasma from the formed elements, which are then returned back into the body.
The whole procedure takes about 40 minutes. In the course of it, only sterile disposable instruments are used, which completely eliminates the risk of the donor becoming infected with any infectious diseases.
After plasma exchange, the donor needs to:
- During the first 60 minutes, completely refrain from smoking;
- Avoid serious physical exertion for 24 hours (learn more about physical activity in case of diabetes mellitus);
- Do not drink alcoholic beverages during the first day;
- Drink plenty of fluids, such as tea and mineral water;
- Do not drive immediately after the plasma.
In total, during one year a person can donate up to 12 liters of blood plasma without any harm to his body. But such a high rate is not mandatory. Letting in even 2 liters of plasma per year may help save someone’s life. We will talk about the benefits or harms of donation in the video in this article.