Sugar substitute sorbitol is otherwise called fructose. This is hexatomic alcohol having a sweetish taste. In the medical registry, the substance is registered as a food additive (E420).
Sorbitol has a crystalline appearance, white color. The substance is hard to the touch, odorless, well soluble in water and has a pleasant taste. But compared to sugar, sorbitol is two times less sweet, but fructose is better than sugar in sweetness three times. Chemical formula of substance - C6H14O6
A lot of sorbitol is found in the fruits of mountain ash, which has the Latin name "sorbus aukupariya", hence the name sweetener. But commercially produced sorbitol from corn starch.
Food sorbitol is:
- natural sweetener;
- dispersing agent;
- color stabilizer;
- moisture retaining agent;
- texture maker;
- complexing agents.
Food sorbitol and fructose are absorbed by the body by 98% and have advantages over substances of synthetic origin due to their nutritional characteristics: the nutritional value of sorbitol is 4 kcal / g of substance.
Note! According to the reviews of doctors, it can be concluded that the use of sorbitol allows the body to consume vitamins of group B (biotin, thiamine, pyridoxine) at a minimum.
It has been proven that taking a dietary supplement favors the development of intestinal microflora that synthesize these vitamins.
Although sorbitol and fructose have a rich sweet taste, they are not carbohydrates. Therefore, they can be eaten by people with a history of diabetes.
Products during boiling retains all of its qualities, so they are successfully added to the very different foods that require heat treatment.
Physico-chemical properties of sorbitol
- The energy value of the product is - 4 kcal or 17.5 kJ;
- The sweetness of sorbitol is equal to 0.6 of the sweetness of sucrose;
- The recommended daily intake dose is 20-40 g
- Solubility at a temperature of 20 - 70%.
Where is sorbitol used
Due to its qualities, sorbitol is often used as a sweetener in the production of:
- soft drinks;
- diet food;
- chewing gum;
- canned fruit and vegetables;
- minced products.
The quality of sorbitol, as hygroscopicity, gives it the ability to prevent premature drying and hardening of the products in which it is included. In the pharmaceutical industry, sorbitol is used as a filler and a structure former in the manufacturing process:
pastes, ointments, creams;
And it is also used in the production of ascorbic acid (vitamin C).
In addition, the substance is used in the cosmetic industry as a hygroscopic component in the manufacture of:
- shower gels;
The experts of the European Union on food additives assigned sorbitol the status of a food product safe for health and approved for use.
Harm and benefits of sorbitol
According to reviews, it can be judged that sorbitol and fructose have a certain laxative effect, which is directly proportional to the amount of the substance taken. If you take more than 40-50 grams of product at a time, this can lead to flatulence, and exceeding this dose may cause diarrhea.
Therefore, sorbitol is an effective tool in the fight against constipation. Most laxatives cause harm to the body due to its toxicity. Fructose and sorbitol do not cause this harm, but the benefits of the substances are obvious.
Only sorbitol should not be abused, such an excess may cause harm in the form of high gas formation, diarrhea, stomach pain.
In addition, irritable bowel syndrome may worsen, and fructose will begin to be poorly absorbed.
It is known that fructose in large quantities can cause serious harm to the body (an increase in the concentration of sugar in the blood).
When tyubazh (procedure cleansing the liver) is best to use sorbitol, fructose is not suitable here. It will not cause harm, but the benefits of such washing will not come.