Every diabetic secretly wants to know that there are magic sweets for diabetics that can be eaten in unlimited quantities and that is why he stubbornly asks search engines what sweets you can eat with diabetes. Forced to disappoint. There are techniques that require a complete rejection of food containing carbohydrates, or others that allow the use of foods with carbohydrates, but in limited quantities. Magic sweets do not exist.
First let me briefly remind you what diabetes is and what will happen if a diabetic eats a sweet tooth. Almost all confectionery products contain a large amount of food sugar, or sucrose, which, when broken down in the body, breaks down into fructose and glucose. Glucose is processed only in the presence of insulin, and since there is no insulin in the body, glucose accumulates in the blood. That is why it is necessary to minimize the use of sweets.
What is allowed and forbidden to insulin-dependent diabetics
Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, or type 1 diabetes, is the most difficult and most severe in terms of diet. Since insulin is practically not produced by the body with this type of diabetes, any carbohydrate intake adversely affects blood sugar levels. Therefore, with type 1 diabetes, especially when high blood sugar levels, you cannot eat anything that contains large amounts of carbohydrates. Under the ban fall all flour products. These are macaroni, bakery, and even more so - confectionery. Potatoes, sweet fruits, honey. Beet, carrot, zucchini and tomatoes are allowed in limited quantities. Dairy products with fat in excess of 4%, cereals and legumes. And of course, overeating is unacceptable.
If it is possible to normalize blood sugar, then you can afford some relief in relation to the above-mentioned products.
You should also limit sweet in diabetes type 2. The body produces insulin, but it quickly collapses, without having to process all the glucose that has entered the body.
Liquors, dessert wines, and some cocktails are completely excluded from alcoholic beverages. For other drinks there is a restriction:
- strong drinks - no more than 50ml per day,
- wine (unsweetened) - 100 ml,
- 250-300 beer.
Eating those or other carbohydrate-containing foods and sweets with diabetes, the patient must constantly monitor the level of sugar in the blood. You can, of course, drink sweet tea, with 3-4 tablespoons of granulated sugar or a tablespoon of honey, and then reduce sugar with special sugar-lowering drugs, or inject a double dose of insulin. But you can control your condition with the help of a diet, resorting to drugs in exceptional cases. It is beneficial for the pharmaceutical industry that patients take as many medications as possible.
Lovers of drug therapy should be reminded that any drugs have side effects that worsen the condition of the body. It has long been known to all the common truth that drugs are treated with one thing, and the other maimed. Therefore, it is better to refrain from extra carbohydrates, which do not give any benefit.
But a complete rejection of sweets can plunge the patient into a state of depression, especially since the sweet provokes the production of the hormone of happiness - serotonin.
One option is to add sweeteners instead of sugar.
Can I eat sweets for diabetes? You must answer this question yourself. Listen to yourself, control your condition after eating those or other carbohydrate-containing foods, and you will understand what you can eat, and in what quantity, and it is wiser to refrain from what.
In nature, there are sweet-tasting substances that can replace diabetic sugar. Some substances are synthesized in industrial conditions.
Fructose is one of the components of sugar. It is contained in almost all fruits.
In industry, fructose is secreted from sugar beet and cane. And, of course, in its pure form it can be used by diabetics instead of sugar, but the amount of fructose in the daily diet should not exceed 50 grams.
Xylitol is a substance created by nature. Even the human body in the process of metabolism produces up to 15 g of xylitol per day. The substance is a polyhydric crystalline alcohol, to taste similar to sugar. It is called birch sugar, apparently because it is this substance that makes birch sap sweet. In the food industry, xylitol is registered as a food additive E967.
Sorbitol is also an alcohol. In nature, it is found in higher plants, such as stone fruits, algae. In industry, it is synthesized from glucose. It is used as a sweetener for patients suffering from diabetes, obesity. Acetylsalicylic acid is produced from sorbitol. Sorbitol is known as E420 food supplement.
Xylitol and sorbitol are added to chocolates and fruit candies, marmalades, and some pastries. Such sweets are allowed for diabetics, but in moderate amounts.
Glycerisin or sweet licorice root
Licorice grows in the wild, a plant that has many useful properties. Licorice, this plant is called by chance - for the sweet taste of its root, which contains glycerrhizin, a substance that is 50 times better than ordinary sugar in sweetness. Therefore, licorice root is in demand among confectioners. On the packages, the glycerisin content in the product may be marked as E958. Remember this figure and do not shy away from products with this food additive, as from the plague. However, it is not bad to have a diabetic in his first-aid kit licorice root.
If you know that licorice grows in your region, you can make it hook up on a plot that is not occupied by a vegetable garden. Dig 1-2 roots in the wild in the fall and divide the root into several parts, plant in the shady part of your garden plot. True, licorice is afraid of frost, so the land where it is planted, it is better to cover with foil. Another way is to buy licorice seeds and plant in the spring with seeds.
If you can not, but you want
Jams, however, are contraindicated in diabetes. But you can recommend diabetics jam, and other sweets prepared in a special way. They can be prepared from strawberries, raspberries, cherries, cherries, apricots, plums. For 1 kg of sugar 4 kg of fruits or berries are taken. Fruits are filled with sugar in the dishes in which they will be boiled and left for 3-4 hours until they let the juice in. As soon as the juice appears, you can put the dishes with jam on medium heat, boil such jam after boiling for 15-20 minutes, pour it hot in sterile jars and roll up. Jam will not be like a classic thick. Half or three-quarters of a jar will be filled with fruit juice, but don't let that bother you. After all, it is a natural fortified fruit syrup.
In such a jam, the concentration of sugar is 4 times lower than usual. It contains vitamins, it can be diluted and make pleasant drinks in the winter, consumed with tea, added to baked goods.
This cake does not need to bake. It can be offered not only to a patient suffering from diabetes, but also be prepared in a hurry if guests come. For the cake is taken
- 1 cup of milk (preferably low fat)
- 1 pack of shortbread;
- 150g low fat cottage cheese;
- Any sugar substitute
- For flavor - a little lemon zest.
Cottage cheese carefully rubbed through a sieve. Introduce a sweetener into it, and divide into 2 parts. In one part to enter the lemon zest, and in another part - vanillin. Put the first layer of biscuits on a clean tray or baking dish, soaking it in milk beforehand. Just do not overdo it so that the cookie does not fall apart in your hands. On a cookie lay out a thin layer of cottage cheese with zest. Then again lay out a layer of biscuit soaked in milk, and on it a layer of cottage cheese with vanilla. So, alternating layers, lay out all the cookies. At the end, coat the cake with the remains of cottage cheese and sprinkle with crumb, which can be made from broken cookies. Ready cake clean for a couple of hours in a cool place, so that it is present.
For baking, it is better to take a round-shaped pumpkin. At first the cap with a tail is cut off, and the pumpkin is cleared of seeds. For the filling will be required:
- 50-60 grams of any peeled nuts,
- 2-3 medium sized apples and sour varieties,
- 1 chicken egg
- 1 cup low-fat cottage cheese
Apples must be cleaned of seeds and peel and grate on a coarse grater. Nuts are crushed to fine crumbs. Cottage cheese fray through a sieve. Then apples, nuts are added to cottage cheese, an egg is poured in, everything is thoroughly mixed and placed in a pumpkin. The pumpkin is covered with a cut off cap and sent to the oven, where it is baked for 25-30 minutes.
These three recipes are only a microscopic part of a diabetic diet. But they show that diabetics can be made from sweet, and how diverse and nutritious a diabetic table can be.