Feces with pancreatitis is different from the norm in consistency, shape, smell and color. The chair is often broken. In order to normalize it, along with the main therapy of chronic inflammation of the pancreas, a special diet and medications (probiotics) are prescribed.
Indicators of normal stool: in the composition of about 80% of the water and 20% of the dense fractions, during the emptying of the intestine the feces are continuously flowing, have a brown color. Breastfed babies have fecal yellow or golden color.
One can suspect the development of pancreatitis not only by characteristic signs - pain in the hypochondrium, radiating to the back, but also by the consistency, color and smell of feces, since pathology inevitably leads to indigestion and problems with the gastrointestinal tract.
The basis of the diagnosis of the pathological process is an ultrasound, a complete analysis of blood and urine, the study of feces - it is their composition that allows us to estimate the depth of the changes that have occurred in the pancreas and the gastrointestinal tract.
Features of feces in chronic inflammation of the gland
Pain in the hypochondrium after an hour or one and a half after consuming fried, fatty, spicy or spicy, salty foods is the main clinical manifestation of the disease of the pancreas. Additional symptoms are also detected.
It includes the processes of decay and fermentation in the gastrointestinal tract, increased gas formation, intoxication, bloating. Accordingly, there is a liquid stool with pancreatitis.
The feces in pancreatitis are liquid, come out in small portions, very often in the human waste product there are fats (steatorrhea), fibers, not digested food pieces. Porridge stool indicates a deficiency of digestive enzymes, resulting in impaired digestion in the body.
The presence of excess fat leads to frequent stools, which has a liquid structure, there is an admixture of foam. The number of urge to empty the bowel reaches three times a day. Features of the substance of feces:
- Tape-like appearance indicates a violation of the functionality of the sigmoid intestine, as well as the fact that a tumor neoplasm has developed or sphincter spasm is present.
- "Sheep balls" of dark, closer to black color confirm the presence of long-term constipation, duodenal ulcer and stomach ulcers, duodenitis.
- The cylinder shape provides information on the normal amount of food of plant and animal nature in the human intestine.
- Shaped stools on the background of pancreatitis are inherent in patients who do not consume meat products. In the faeces, there is a high concentration of plant fiber.
In medicine, the regularity of the chair is taken up to two times per 24 hours, but at least once every 48 hours. Visiting the toilet should give a feeling of relief, discomfort and pain in the process of bowel movements - this is not the norm.
The amount of feces per day varies from 150 to 400 g. Against the background of food intake of plant origin, the amount of feces increases, and when consumed with fatty foods it decreases significantly.
The normal state of the feces, when they are light, gently sink into the liquid on the bottom.
Substance and color of feces with pancreatitis
The color of feces in pancreatitis is due to the stage of the pathological process, the complications of the disease. During the period of exacerbation of chronic pathology, feces have a pearly or gray-dirty color.
Brown tint indicates a mixed diet. If the color is olive, closer to the grass color is an acute attack. The acute phase is always accompanied by other negative symptoms - nausea, vomiting.
Green feces with pancreatitis - a sign of a strong inflammatory process in the pancreas. The color change is based on the fact that the required volume of bile and other digestive enzymes do not enter the intestinal lumen. Also, if a patient is diagnosed with a high fat content of the fecal masses, this in any case leads to a change in its hue.
Black color will be characterized by a serious disturbance in the body. Most often it is caused by the presence of blood impurities in the feces, which is a sign of bleeding from the gastrointestinal tract. Black color is considered normal, if the patient takes activated charcoal, eats a lot of blueberries.
If a person has diarrhea with pancreatitis, the feces are always mild, constipation is characterized by a solid condition. When the digestive process is disturbed, this leads to a loose stool, fermentation in the intestine provokes foamy feces.
- Fecal masses stick to the toilet walls.
- Have a viscous appearance, poorly washed off with water.
- There is a putrid odor.
In adult patients with pancreatic necrosis, calculous pancreatitis, and other complications, all symptoms of poisoning are present. Patients complain of nausea, repeated vomiting, persistent heartburn, and colic in the stomach.
Errors in nutrition provoke problems with the discharge of fecal masses. Fermentation processes in the intestine block absorption of beneficial substances, because of which the patient does not receive vitamins, mineral substances, which leads to a decrease in body weight.
How to normalize a chair?
To get rid of diarrhea in the first place you need to follow a diet recommended by a medical specialist. Special nutrition patients always need, but not from time to time. Diet 5 is usually used for pancreatitis.
The essence of a balanced diet is reduced to the consumption of vegetables, fruits, cereals, dried bread. Ideally, the menu should be developed individually, taking into account the characteristics of a particular clinical picture. If mucus is present in the feces, then inpatient treatment may be required, or surgical treatment may be required. The laparoscopic method is usually used.
In order to prevent radical intervention, it is necessary to restore the intestinal microflora - cleaning is carried out using enema procedures. Do 2-3 times a day for five days. After cleansing, you need to take probiotics - drugs that include live lactobacilli and bifidobacteria.
Normalization of the stool implies therapeutic measures with the use of drugs:
- Calcium intake.
The use of enzyme drugs provides the secretion of pancreatic juice in sufficient quantities, which contributes to the improvement of overall health, normalization of color and substance of feces. Stool problems often lead to stress and emotional lability. In this case, the doctor prescribes a sedative.
Changes in the color of feces is an insufficient criterion for making a correct diagnosis. If fecal masses have changed, an unpleasant smell and an uncharacteristic shade have appeared, other symptoms are present, a doctor must be visited and examined. Any disease at an early stage is easier to treat than in advanced cases.
The typical symptoms of pancreatitis are discussed in the video in this article.